How To Start Waste Paper Recycling Plant In India?

Waste Paper Recycling

Do you want to start the waste paper recycling business? Waste paper recycling is one of the profitable business. The demand for paper bags, cardboard and other paper made items always have great demand in the local and international market. The best part is you can get raw material at the best price on a continuous basis. The paper that we use is mostly a bio-degradable waste that can easily be decomposed with the passing time. In the present times, there has been a huge usage of paper. Nearly everywhere we go we can easily see papers around. The usage of paper is vivid and is increasing by time. Some basic usage of paper includes newspapers, books, text copy, pamphlets, posters, magazine papers, calendars, and many more.

The world market of paper is very huge and is in billions. Paper is made using the pulp from trees. As of 2016, approximately 411 million metric tons of paper is produced every year globally. In this article, I am sharing a profitable business plan for paper recycling business. If you want to start your own paper recycling plant then read this article till the very end, you will get all information about profit margin in this business and cost of setting up a paper recycling plant.

China ranks at number one spot in the production of paper. The United States is in the second spot and Japan is at the third spot. The paper manufacturing industry is very huge and has a turnover of billion dollars every year.

How Paper is produced?

Paper is produced from the pulp of wood, fibrous plants, rice, water plants, stubbles, and other such materials. The basic material that is required to manufacture paper is fiber which is an essential part in papermaking. You can get this pulp mainly from two sources. One is from wood pulp and the other is from old recycled papers. The production of papers required cutting down of trees. One tree, in general, reduces 16.67 reams of paper whereas 12 trees produce 1 ton of paper.

To produce such a huge quantity of papers millions of trees are cut down every year. The rise in cutting down of trees has led to deforestation resulting in the rise of global warming. To counter this people are now focusing on recycling of paper.

Recycling Paper:

Paper recycling has been hugely adopted these days by every country in order to save the cutting down of trees. The benefit of recycling is not only that it saves cutting down of trees but also reduces and reuses paper waste that would have created a mess in the atmosphere. There is a unique advantage of recycling paper as it is beneficial in many ways. To produce one A4 size paper nearly 5 liters of water is required. Recycling down of 1 ton of paper saves 26, 500 liters of water, 682.5 gallons of oil and 17 trees.

Inspired by such an effective method, the whole world has invested a huge sum of money in recycling paper waste. Earlier these recycling job was conducted by either government owned businesses or big recycling businesses but now even the common man can own a paper recycling business.

Paper Recycling as a Business:

Paper recycling business is a flourishing business that is giving huge returns to its owners. There is abundant demand of recycled paper as they are cheap. If one plans down a strategy, executes it and invest a fair amount of capital then one can get a satisfying return within no time. To lay down a business plan you need to understand the basics of recycling a business, its requirements, investment, and return and so on. Here is a strategic and brief plan that can help you in your paper recycling business.

Paper Recycling Business Plan:

The plan will carry all the details of how your paper recycling business can be opened, executed and run successfully with a satisfying return. Here are a few things you need to care about.

  • Resource Required to open a recycle plant
  • Cost of setting up a waste paper recycling plant
  • Requirement of total capital
  • Arrangement of capital
  • Time investment

Resources required to open a paper recycling plant:

Land Space and Factory:

A First basic requirement is a place where you will recycled paper. If your house allows you to set up your plant then it is okay or you need to get a decent space where you can set your factory. Depending on the scale of recycling you can own or rent that space. The minimum space should be around 250sq. feet. Space should be closed with rooms for collecting paper waste, a cleaned room for keeping the recycled paper, a place to set up machines and so on.

Requirement of Resources:

The Basic amenities are required everywhere. You need to have a permanent standard power connection with a stable water supply. The paper recycling plant requires the huge amount of water, therefore, you need to have that supply. Your plant should not be that far that transportation becomes a problem because you need a constant supply of waste paper for your recycle plant.

Required Official Permissions:

Since you are opening a recycling plant, therefore, you need to have permissions from the concerned authorities in your city. You also need to pay taxes of your space under commercial space. The next thing is registration of business followed by GST registration for payment of tax. Since you will use huge power, therefore, special permission should also be taken. The last one is the water supply connection which you must definitely take as your water requirement will be huge.

Equipment for Recycling:

To recycle the paper you need some standard equipment like washing soap, cleaning equipment, bleaching powder, tanks, containers, machines, jets, paper printer, etc.

Paper Recycling Machine:

There are three types of machines for recycling paper. First is the small type machine that recycles 20-100 kg of waste paper scrap per hour. The medium size machine recycles 75-250 kg of paper while the large machine recycles 100-500 kg of paper waste. Depending on your requirement and budget you can purchase the machine. It would be advisable to start with a small machine and later on go for the medium and large machine as it will help you in understanding the business supply and returns.

Waste Paper Collection:

You can network with scrap collectors, paper waste owners, dumping grounds and so on to collect waste paper.

Labour and Expert:

You need at least one person who is an expert in paper recycling and with major machines and equipment. You also need a few labours that will assist the main worker in the recycling job.

Other Requirements:

This includes paper packaging, a place to store paper, later job of printing, labelling, transporting and so on.

Cost of setting up a recycling plant:

The cost estimation which is given below is in Indian currency and is targeting readers from India. This business plan is also valid for other countries like South Africa, Australia, USA, UK, Canada, etc. The cost of the machine is nearly the same everywhere and the recycling process is also the same.

Renting or owning of place depending on size varies from place to place which one can calculate. The better option in starting is to rent a place or use an existing place owned by you as it will reduce investment. A waste paper collection doesn’t costs much. Nearly 4-5 rupee is spent to buy 1kg of waste paper.

Purchasing equipment is costly which should best be rented on a monthly basis which is easily available if you have contacts. Recycling machine is a costly thing to own which should best be owned. Start with a small machine that costs around 3-5 lakhs while the medium costs at Rs 5-10 lakhs and the large one costs Rs 10-35 lakhs.

Hiring expert technician and labour will cost you Rs 30-40 thousand per month. You can add electric charges, water charge, transportation and other expense as well. A total of at least Rs 10 lakhs is required for the first time in setting up your business. Later you have to spend at least 1-1.5 lakhs per month.

Arrangement of Capital:

You can take the loan from banks. You can take Rs 10 lakh loan to start your business. If you want to open it as a startup then you can avail 3-year benefit from taxes and charges. You can finance your business, open with the partnership to ease the capital requirement.

Time Investment:

It would take at least 2 months to start your paper recycling business. From arranging land, building your factory, setting up your machines, hiring resources, experts and labours, networking with paper suppliers and sellers, transportation, required permissions and so on. You may start to get returns only after 4-6 months since the starting of your business.

Your return will be measured only after 1 year since the starting one year will take to build your business. You can easily earn Rs 10-12 thousand per day in your recycling business adding up your recycled products as well. All will depend on the quality, the quantity of paper you manufacture and the market of sale you have.  

You can buy waste paper scrap and other ferrous and non-ferrous scrap from Bhanwra Electricals at the best price for your recycling business.


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